Succulent Types

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October Succulents

Senecio Haworthii Cocoon Plant

Senecio haworthii (Woolly Senecio) A perennial succulent dwarf shrub to under 1 foot tall with stunningly attractive upright cylindrical succulent leaves that are pure white due to the fine white hairs covering all surfaces of the leaves. This plant is known to produce bright yellow flowers on a short terminal inflorescence but we have never seen this species flower in cultivation. Plant in full sun in an open airy location with well-drained soil and water sparingly, allowing soil to dry between watering - it is an easy plant to rot if given too much water or shade. Best not wet the foliage and to be kept drier in winter months. Cold hardy to at least 22 F. Probably one of the most beautiful of the succulent Senecio that can be grown in a well-drained soil or mounded planting or as a very attractive container plant - great in a terra cotta pot as this shows the foliage well and allows soil to dry. This plant is known from only a few localities in the rugged Little Karoo desert of South Africa between 3000-4000 feet in elevation, where it is considered to be threatened. Though discovered and circulating unnamed at least as early as 1795, this plant was originally described by Adrian Hardy Haworth (for whom the genus Haworthia is named) in his Miscellanea Naturalia: Sive Dissertattiones Variae Ad Historiam Naturalem Spectantes in 1803 from a plant he had received from his friend Benjamin Robertson who had a private botanic garden at Stockwell in south west London, England. Haworth placed this plant in the genus Cacalia (Latin for "plant" or "colt's foot") and gave it the specific epithet "tomentosa" for the white hairy leaves. When this plant was merged into Senecio by the German physician and botanist Carl Heinrich 'Bipontinus' Schultz in 1845 (the name Bipontinus being a Latinized reference to his birthplace to distinguish him from another German botanist of the same name) Schultz changed the specific epithet to "haworthii" in honor of Haworth. The name Senecio comes from the Latin word 'senex' meaning "old" or "old man" in reference to its downy head of seeds. This plant is also sometimes called the Cocoon Plant as the shape and color of the leaves resembles a moth's cocoon. 

Kalanchoe tomentosa "panda ear"

This native to Madagascar species from the kalanchoe genus makes a nice addition to any succulent plant collection, grown indoors.

The panda plant being a succulent type species grows thick leaves for water storage purposes, which means watering less often for the grower. These leaves are covered in tiny hairs that give the plant a velvety look and feel.

How it looks: The kalanchoe tomentosa grows up to approximately 1.5 ft with a thick stem that produces branches and many groups of leaves, once it matures. When they're pruned well they have a kind of tree or bush look about them and can produce branches growing below pot level (now suitable for growing in a hanging basket).

The furry leaves I mentioned are grayish green in color that have brown spotted tips. These leaves are mainly oval shaped, although your likely to see a few leaves randomly grow in whatever shape and form they want to.

Flowering: Although this plant can flower within it's natural habitat - it's rare to see flowers bloom indoors, so it's grown for primarily it's foliage within homes or offices. I have never seen one of these flower, but if your lucky enough then you will see lovely small tubular shaped flowers bloom at the tips of the branches.

Displaying: Once the panda plant matures they look fantastic placed within a hanging basket or sitting with a conservatory. A conservatory is ideal because they do like their bright light and some sun. Whilst they're still small and growing, then near windows and on shelves which receive enough sunlight are good spots for displaying them.

Last thing! Be careful with this one if you have pets or children. All parts of this succulent are poisonous if ingested! Otherwise, enjoy your fuzzy little Panda Plant in all of its fuzziness!

Kalanchoe tomentosa 'Chocolate Soldier'

Kalanchoe tomentosa 'Chocolate Soldier' (Chocolate Soldier Panda Plant) - An interesting and attractive small slow growing succulent subshrub that grows to about 2 feet tall with narrow slightly concave and elliptical succulent pale brownish green leaves that are covered in tiny hairs, giving the plant a velvety look and feel. Along the upper leaf margin and tip is a raised slightly toothed rim that is reddish on new leaves and matures to a rusty brown color, giving this plant a very unusual two toned appearance. In summer can appear, clustered atop 18 in stall stalks, the yellow green flowers with dark brown petal tips, but flowering is not that common. Plant in a well-draining soil in full sun to part shade (requires protection from full sun in inland desert areas) and water only occasionally to very little. Cold hardy to around 25 °F. A great smaller plant in the garden as an accent or small groundcover plant and very popular as a container specimen or even a houseplant. The 'Chocolate Soldier' cultivar is a leaf color variant of the species reportedly collected by Werner Rauh in habitat in Madagascar. It has narrower leaves and a more more uniform and thicker dark chocolate brown margins while the species (which is quite variable) typically has broader gray-green leaves and spots or lines of brown along the leaf margins. Other common names for the species include Pussy Ears and Panda Plant. Bernard Descoings in Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Crassualaceae notes that in Madagascar it is a popular belief that this plant flowering for someone is an indication of richness and prosperity for their household. The name Kalanchoe is somewhat of a mystery - there is some thought that it comes from a phonetic transcription of the Chinese words 'Kalan Chauhuy' meaning "that which falls and grows", likely in reference to the plantlets that drop from many of the species but others believe it from the ancient Indian words 'kalanka' meaning "spot" or "rust" and 'chaya' meaning "glossy" in reference to the reddish glossy leaves of the Indian species K. laciniata. The specific epithet is in reference to the fuzzy hairs covering the leaves.  This description is based on our research and on the our observations of this plant as it grows in containers at our nursery and landscape plantings in our own nursery garden and other gardens that we visit. We also will incorporate comments we receive from others and appreciate receiving feedback of any kind from those who have additional information about this plant, particularly if they disagree with what we have written or if they have additional cultural tips that would aid others in growing Kalanchoe toment. 'Chocolate Soldier'

Echeveria Doris Taylor

Every summer in my garden, the Echeveria cristata 'Woolly Rose' (a.k.a. Echeveria 'Doris Taylor') sends out colorful flowers that look like candies.  The rosette foliage of this plant is covered evenly with a thick mat of trichomes that gives it a velvety appearance - thus the name Woolly Rose.   Not only the plant is beautiful but it is also a source of nectar for the hummingbirds (Fig. 2).  Whenever my plants bloom, I move the ones that are in pots to a place where we can enjoy the view from the kitchen window.

1.  Soil.  Plant Woolly Rose in the garden where the soil is well drained.  Improve drainage of clay soils by adding sand or pumice in planting area.  In containers, use cactus mix for good drainage and weight.  Adding good amount of Perlite and sand to regular potting soil works as well.  

2.  Sunlight.  Woolly Rose is adaptable to a wide range of environments but the plant will look its best in the right place.  In the summer (Zone 9), position Woolly Rose where it will get a few hours of morning sun or a short period of afternoon sun.  Too much exposure to sunlight will result in washed out yellowish color of the leaves while too little sunlight gives relatively greener foliage and longer internodes.  The right amount of sunlight will give the plant a bluish green color and compact rosette foliage.  Contrary to popular belief, succulents thrive best in partly shaded environment.

3.  Water.  The plant can tolerate periods of dry conditions but they grow faster and look better if they get adequate water.  Adjust watering based on the weather.  Watering is needed more frequently in summer and spring time, when the soil dries up faster, than in the cooler months of fall and winter.  The size of container is also a factor to consider when it comes to watering.  Plants in smaller containers require more frequent watering than those in larger containers/

adromischcus  key lime

The leaves are fuzzy, wedge-shaped and plump, with lovely crinkles at the end. The crinkled edges turn slightly red when it's getting enough light. A. cristatus grows bright red, adventitious roots along the stems. 

It likes bright light, but too much sun and heat will cause it to bleach and wrinkle in a very sad manner. It needs to be watered when the soil dries out, and should be planted in standard succulent/cactus soil with excellent drainage. You can grow new ones from leaf cuttings. 


September Succulents

Gollum Jade

Unique among jade plants, 'Gollum' has tubular green leaves that become tinted red along their concave tips when weather becomes cooler. Small starry white or pinkish flowers provide additional ornament from spring to fall. Mature specimens are very compact, so this is a good choice for smaller containers and garden spaces.

Almost everyone knows the ever-popular jade plant. This South African succulent is a rubbery-stemmed evergreen shrub with fleshy bright green leaves that look outstanding year round. In late-winter or spring it produces a wealth of tiny, starry white or pinkish flowers borne in small clusters. It is best known as a popular house plant, which can reach substantial proportions over the years, but also makes an outstanding landscape specimen in arid regions where winters are very mild.

Jade plant is succulent through and through. It has tree-like branching and smooth, glossy, oval leaves that are thick and succulent. Leaf color ranges from bright green to dark green and turns more of an olive green to reddish color in the chill of winter. As it ages, the grayish trunk and stems become massive and thick. Leaves and stems that break off or reach to the ground easily root to become new plants.



Description: Slow growing pretty hybrid up to 15 cm tall, good as ground cover or in hanging basket.
Stem: Stiff, but the plant will fall down due to the weight.
Leaves: Light greyish-green to dark green appearing a nice bright green overall, opposite, thick, elliptic no larger than a thumb nail. The keel or bottom of the leaf is rough at the tip, which is pointed.
Flowers: Forms dense clusters (up to 5cm wide) of scented, starry pale pink flowers with red center with a bright pink overall, that that contrast nicely with the small, dense, mounded silver foliage
Blooming season: The primary flowering time is winter to early spring. However, this hybrid flowers, though less profusely, much of the year, or at least throughout much of winter, all spring, and most of the summer. Plants will flower at a small size and should flower each year.

Cultivation: Of easy cultivation, they are great plant for pots or landscaping, young plants will quadruple in size in one year only.  Requires a free draining compost and good light (full sun to light shade) to keep the plants compact and encourage leaf colour and flowering, is best to avoid to expose our plant to direct sun in summer. Morning sun only .Needs regular water in the growing season, but reduce watering during winter month , fairly drought tolerant elsewhere. It will start to show buds at the end of each stem early in the year but does not need watering until Easter time. 



Crassula perforata ‘Variegata’ (Variegated Necklace Vine) – This is a relatively fast growing “stacked” Crassula from South and Eastern Cape Province of South Africa north to Natal. It is somewhat shrubby and sprawling plant to 18 inches tall with secondary branches nearly rising vertically bearing short broad ovate opposing leaves that are congested at the leaf tips and inconspicuous pale yellow flowers in spring. This form has leaf margins that often have reddish tinges and is quite showy. Plant in a well drained soil in full coastal sun to light shade – needs some protection from midday heat in hot locals but the brighter light brings out the red tones and plants will flower more. Irrigate only occasionally to regularly. Hardy to around 20-25 F. This plant is called Necklace Vine because the leaves can be rotated around on the stem like a bead or String of Buttons because the opposing pairs of lower cordate leaves appear threaded onto the stems and also Pagoda plant because of the regular arrangement of the leaves at the branch tip.


Tom Thumb

Crassula 'Tom Thumb' is a charming miniature plant with tiny triangular leaves in opposing ranks on stems. The tiny mint green leaves have colorful reddish edges especially in bright light. It is topped by clusters of tiny white flowers in spring. Similar to Crassula perforata, ‘Tom Thumb’ is thought to be a hybrid cross as described in the Lexicon of Succulent Plants by Hermann Jacobsen as a cross between Crassula rupestris ssp. rupestris and Crassula rupestris ssp. marnieriana. Crassula "Jade Necklace" is considered a hybrid between Crassula falcata ("Propeller Plant") and Crassula marnieriana. Forms shrubby stems with short, ovate grayish-green triangular leaves. Leaves are very fleshy and margined with rose-red in bright light. Leaves are arranged along the stem in opposing pairs, with some resemblance to portions of a necklace. Crassulas require very porous soil with excellent drainage. In habitat, usually grow in rocky quartz fields. Bright, filtered light and ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Water with caution in winter, as the plant can lose its roots if the soil stays cold and wet for extended periods. Summer dormant. Protect from frost to prevent scarring.


Compact Jade

Leaves appear approximately as a   Green-yellow and   Radical Red

Compact mini jade grows as a perennial and is a flowering houseplant / succulent. Being a perennial plant, it tends to grow best over several years (approx 3 years and greater).

Compact mini jade normally grows to a mature height of 1.51 metres (that's 4.92 feet imperial).

South Africa is believed to be where Compact mini jade originates from.

Compact mini jade is normally quite a low maintenance plant and is normally very easy to grow - great for beginner gardeners!




August Succlents

Echeveria 'Perle Von Nürnberg' - A beautiful rosette-forming succulent that has interestingly colored acuminate leaves that are a pale grayish brown with pink highlights and have a white powdery dusting, sometimes referred to as pruinose.

The leaves overlap nicely in 5 to 6 inch wide solitary rosettes that eventually grow up on a slender stem. The flowers, which appear in summer on 1 foot long reddish-stemmed inflorescences, are a corral pink color on the exterior with a yellow interior.

Plant in a location that has good drainage or in a container in full sun, shade or a bright location indoors (pink colors in leaf are enhanced by bright light) and irrigate occasionally to often. 



Echeveria 'Black Prince' - (Black Hens and Chicks) - This succulent plant produces clumps of short rosettes up to 3 inches wide with thin dark triangular, blackish leaves.

These leaves first emerge greenish but darken to a deep lavender brown and with age the lower leaves widen out to as much as 1 inch at the base with an acuminate tip that has fine yellow edges. In late fall to early winter appear the dark red flowers on short stalks.

Plant in full sun (best color) or light shade in a well-drained soil with occasional irrigation in spring and summer months. 







Echeveria 'Ramillete' is a hybrid Echeveria that forms rosettes of fleshy frosty green leaves with red tips and tangerine bell-shaped flowers. This succulent adds a bright, cheery appearance to the floral bouquet.

Excellent for dish gardens and in rock gardens. In habitat, many Echeverias grow on rocky outcroppings at higher altitudes.









Echeveria pulidonis - This slow growing succulent has stemless rosettes to 4 to 5 inches wide of many (25 or more) fleshy incurved red-edged pale bluish-green leaves that are flat to slightly concave on the upper surface and rounded below with a distinct red tip.

Though often seen as solitary, it will offset to form a good size clump over time. In spring the bright yellow flowers tip multiple unbranched reddish stems that bend over with the weight of the flowers.

Plant in a well-drained soil in full sun to light shade - bright light enhances red edges.





Lola is a variety of Echeveria Leisel which is a member of the Echeveria family. Its botanical name is Echeveria 'Lola'. An evergreen, so it will retain its leaves throughout the year. Lola is known for growing to a height of approximately 5.85 inches.

It is a succulent / ornamental that typically grows as a perennial, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of three years or more.

This variety tends to bloom in early spring.

Size Comparison